Details

Details of Lake Victoria

Lake Victoria is situated in northern Tanzania on the border with Uganda and Kenya close to the Serengeti National Park. The lake, which is located between the Western and Eastern Rift Valley, covers an area of 69,484 square km of which 49% lies in Tanzania, 45% in Uganda and 6% in Kenya.

It is Africa's largest freshwater lake and the second largest in the world after Lake Superior in North America. Lake Victoria flows out into the River Nile, supplying the river with fresh water through the whole year.

The biological diversity of Lake Victoria is in a bad condition. Before the 1950s the biodiversity was enormous with over 500 species of fish. The domestic fish species are extinct, because of the introduction of the Nile perch which should eat the water hyacinth but instead fed everything. The water hyacinth was introduced to Lake Victoria and its surroundings by Belgian colonists. Soon the plant, which had no natural enemies, turned out to be a ecological plague especially for the Kisumu bay on the Kenyan side. It causes difficulties to fishing, transportation, drinking water supply and hydroelectric power generation.

The wildlife of Lake Victoria such as, various bird species, chimpanzees, sitatunga antelopes and elephants are protected by national park status. The settlements alongside the lake are mostly agricultural, inhabited by farmers and cattle herders. Major cities are Bukoba, Mwanza and Musoma on the Tanzanian side, Jinja and Kampala in Uganda, and Kisumu in Kenya. The lake is also used economically for fishing, cotton and coffee production, and agricultural activities. The lake and its ports are used for transportation and trans-boundary trade between Kenya and Uganda. Lake Victoria has three island shores which are worth a visit, Ukrewe, Rubondo and Ukara island.

The lake and the surrounding offers several tourist activities such as, fishing trips, bird watching, hiking and boat-rides. Swimming is also possible but should be done with caution due to Malaria and the bilhazia disease.

Short Overview

Lake Victoria has three island shores which are worth a visit, Ukrewe, Rubondo and Ukara island. The lake and the surrounding offers several tourist activities such as, fishing trips, bird watching, hiking and boat-rides. Swimming is also possible but should be done with caution due to Malaria and the bilhazia disease.

Let us plan your dream
African trip!

The trip between Migori in Kenya and Tarime in Tanzania is the most common route to cross the border when traveling between Maasai Mara (Kenya) and the Serengeti (Tanzania). These points are connected by a short drive. Both points have access to airstrips, which are used to travel to and...
We are excited to announce that Shadows Of Africa has once again been awarded Tripadvisor's Travelers’ Choice Award for 2024! This prestigious recognition places us among the top 10% of attractions worldwide, based on the positive reviews and ratings from our valued travelers. Since our inception in 2010, we have...
Travel offers incredible opportunities to explore new places, cultures, and experiences, but it also comes with significant implications for the climate. The transportation sector is one of the largest contributors to global greenhouse gas emissions, which drive climate change. Sustainable travel practices can help mitigate these effects by reducing emissions...
Souvenirs: of course we all want a reminder of our adventurous travels, something physical to attach our cherished memories to, something to show people back home to start conversations. But, it’s important to keep in mind that there is a dark side to souvenirs, and it’s just as important to...
Embarking on a safari adventure through Africa's untamed wilderness is a privilege that comes with great responsibility. Each moment spent in the presence of Africa’s majestic wildlife presents an opportunity to cultivate a deeper understanding of our interconnectedness with the natural world. As visitors to these sacred landscapes, it's essential...