非洲五霸

Seeing BIG 5 is one of the most amazing experience on a safari. The collection of BIG 5 consists of the lion, the African elephant, the Cape Buffalo, the leopard and the rhinoceros. Originaly used only by hunters, the term 'Big Five' refers to five of Africa's greatest wild animals.

The members of the big five were chosen for the difficulty in hunting them and not their size. As during the bygone hunting era the term "Big Five" still conjure up the romance and excitement of Africa's exotic destinations and experiences. Imagine watching the sun set over the horizon whilst you capture the moment of a pride of lions stalking their prey. Watching a buffalo stolling to a water hole with strength and size that makes it more likely to kill a human than any other mammal. The rhino, which is almost extinct, with its extraordinary horns and bad temper. And the leopard with its beauty and remarkable speed and skill to hunt.

Lion

(Panthera leo)

The largest of Africa's three big cats. Body colour ranges from pale tawny to reddish –grey with paler underparts. Females can be distinguished from males for only adult males carry manes of long hair, extending from the sides of the face on to the neck, shoulders and chest. Mane ranges from pale tawny to black in color.

Males are larger than females. They are most sociable large cat living in prides of betweeen three and 30 individuals. Social groupings are complex composed of a relatively stable core of related females. Female do the hunting especially at night in groups and can also steal a newly caught prey from other animals. Males take priority when feeding at a kill. Lions usually rest and sleep for 16-20 hours per day! Territory is defended by both females and males.

 

  • Height: M 115 cm; F 91 cm
  • Weight: M 220 kg, F 150 kg
  • Active: Mostly Nocturnal
  • Habitat: Varied-forest to desert
  • Food: Meat, mainly ungulates
 
Lion Big 5
Lion Big 5
Leopard Big 5
Leopard Big 5

Leopard

(Panthera pardus)

A rarely spotted predator, elegant and powerfully built with a beautifully marked coat .

Overall body color varies from off white to orange russet with black spots on the legs, flanks, hindquarters and the head. The tail is about half of the total length. Cubs have dark, wolly coats and less distinct spotting. Leopards are solitary with exception of pairs coming together for mating and when its babies are too young to take care of themselves. As soon as the young leopard is able to hunt by itself, it is left alone by its mother.

They hunt in the night and spends most of its day up in a tree where they can be hard to spot. The leopard preys upon smaller predators, antelopes, monkeys, cattle, dogs and goats. It is a remarkable climber, and can drag an animal up a tree even if the animal is heavier than the leopard itself

 

  • Height: 65 cm
  • Weight: M 60 kg; F 40 kg
  • Active: Norctunal
  • Habiat: Woodland, riverine forest, mountains, kopjes
  • Food: Meat, middle sized ungulates and small mammals

Black Rhinocerous

(Diceros biconis)

There are two African rhinos: the white rhino and the black rhino. There is no difference in color, they are both gray!

East Africa is originally habituated by the black rhino, but some white rhinos have been imported from South Africa. They have dark grey skin colour generally taking after the mud and dust as they frequent wallow. The main distinct feature is that they have two horns composed of matted, hair like filamanets are located on the face one behind the other, with the front horm usually being longer.

The horns are attached to the skin and not bone and have become a target for poachers due to its madicinal importance as well as jewellery. Tail is naked except towards the end and body hair is very scarce except for a fringe of black hair around the edge of the ear. It can run very fast, with a maximum speed of 50 km/h. They depend on audio-visual orientation, as their eyesight is limited.

Even at a distance of only 20 meters, they are not able to spot a still standing animal or human.

 

  • Height: 135-230 cm
  • Weight: 700-1600kg
  • Active: Day and Night
  • Habitat: Woodland 
  • Food: Trees, shrubs, leaves and forbs(small herbs)
 
Black Rhinocerous Big 5
Black Rhinocerous Big 5
African Buffalo Big 5
African Buffalo Big 5

African Buffalo

(Syncerus caffer)

Africa's only wild cattle species, easily separated from domestic cattles known to gather in large herds of hundreds of animals, but they can also wander about independently. The savannah buffalo is heavily built, with relatively short, storky legs.

Ears are large fringed with hair and hang below massive horns. The buffalo is easily distinguished from other animals because of its dark black color and its characteristic horns smaller and lighter curving outward, backwards, and upwards;. The forest buffalo is reddish to dark red brown in color, more lightly built and smaller.

Bulls lack the heavy boss. The lion is the only one among the predators which can fight the buffalo, but even lions are often forced to resign

 

  • Height: 140-170 cm
  • Weight: M 785 kg; F 715 kg
  • Active: Day and Night
  • Habitat: Woodland, tall grass areas
  • Food: Tall grasses, leaves and shoots

African Elephant

(Loxodonto africana)

The largest living land mammal. It can be distinguished form the Indian elephant by its large ears, which it uses as a heath regulator.

They have grey brown skin, virtually hairless except at the tip of the tail. They usually take the natural colouration of the soils as a result of frequent mud and dust bathing. The most fascinating feature of the elephant is its tusk and a very muscular trumpet that can tear up a tree by its root! The trumpet is for breathing and smelling, gathering food, drinking and showering.

Both sexes have tusks, which can grow up to several meters. Elephants are often spotted in large groups of females and babies, while the males are chased away as soon as they are old enough to manage on their own.

Males appear in the mating season only, the rest of the time they wander about alone or in small groups. Females gather food and protect their babies against predators.

 

  • Height: M 350cm, F 300 cm 
  • Weight: M 5750 kg; F 3800kg 
  • Active: Day and Night 
  • Habitat: Savannah, scrub 
  • Food: Bulk feeder and in a day only they can consume up to 230 kg grass and 150 liters of water!
 
African Elephant Big 5
African Elephant Big 5

观赏非洲五霸

观赏非洲五霸是东非旅游最神奇的体验之一。非洲五霸包括非洲狮、非洲象、非洲水牛、非洲豹和非洲犀牛。“非洲五霸”这个说法最初只是狩猎者使用的,指的是非洲最著名的五种野生动物。

之所以选择这五种动物,是因为它们很难被猎取,而不是它们的体型。在过去的狩猎时代,“非洲五霸”让人们联想起非洲充满异域风情的旅游目的地和体验,浪漫而又让人兴奋。想象下,夕阳西下,一群狮子们跟踪着它们的猎物时的情景;非洲水牛漫步到一个水坑里,它们的体型和力量比起其他哺乳动物,足以杀害一个人类;犀牛,这种濒临灭绝的动物,带有奇特的犄角和暴躁的脾气;美丽的非洲豹,以它们惊人的速度和技能猎杀。

非洲狮

(学名:Panthera leo

非洲狮是非洲三种猫科动物中最大的一种。它们的身体颜色各不同,有的是浅黄褐色,有的是红黑、腹部颜色较浅。公狮和母狮的区别在于成年公狮有着长鬃毛,从侧脸一直延伸到脖子、肩膀和胸部。鬃毛颜色有浅黄褐色和黑色等。

公狮比母狮大。它们是群居的大型猫科动物,群居数量范围是3只到30只。族群是复杂的,核心是有血缘关系的母狮们组成。母狮负责狩猎,特别是晚上,它们集体出动,也会从其他动物那偷取新捕捉来的猎物。它们每天休息和睡眠长达16-29个小时。它们的领土由公狮和母狮共同保卫。

 

  • 身高:公115cm,母91cm

  • 体重:公220kg,母150 kg

  • 活动:大部分是夜间行动

  • 栖息地:各种森林和沙漠

  • 食物:肉类、主要是带蹄类动物

     

 
Lion Big 5
Lion Big 5
Leopard Big 5
Leopard Big 5

非洲豹

学名:Panthera pardus

非洲豹是比较罕见的捕食动物,优雅而又强壮,身上有着美丽的豹纹。

总体上,它们身体的颜色不同,从米白色到黄褐色,腿、胁腹、后退和臀部以及头部有着黑色斑点。尾巴长度是总体长的一半。幼崽的身体上的图案是深色和模糊的,斑点不是那么明显。非洲豹喜欢独居,除了公豹和母豹为了交配目的以及当它们的幼崽还太小无法独自生存时,才会居住在一起。一旦小豹能够自己捕食,它的妈妈就会离开它。

它们在夜间捕食,白天大部分时间待在树上,很难被发现。一般捕食比它们小的动物、羚羊、猴子、牛、狗和羊。它们攀爬的本领很强,也能够将比自己重的动物拖拽到树上。

 

  • 身高:65 cm
  • 体重:公60kg,母40 kg
  • 活动:夜间行动
  • 栖息地:林地、河边树林、山上、小丘
  • 食物:肉类、中型带蹄动物和小型哺乳动物

黑犀

(学名:Diceros biconis)

有两种非洲犀牛:白犀和黑犀,但是它们并没有颜色上的区别,都是灰色的!

东非最初只有黑犀,但后来从南非引进了一些白犀,它们的皮肤之所以是灰色的,大致是因为它们经常在泥土里打滚,所以比较像泥土的颜色。唯一显著的特点是它们有两个犄角,

犄角是附着在皮肤上的而不是骨头,由于有着极高的医用和珠宝价值,成为了偷猎者的目标。它们的尾巴除了末端,都是光的,它们的体毛很少,除了耳朵边缘附近有一排黑色毛发。它们跑的很快,最高速度可达50公里/小时。由于它们的视力不太好,靠听觉和视觉来判断方向。

尽管是在20米的距离,它们也无法辨认出一个静止的动物或人。

 

  • 身高:135-230 cm

  • 体重:700-1600kg

  • 活动:白天和夜间行动

  • 栖息地:林地

  • 食物:树、灌木、树叶和杂类草(小草)

 

 
Black Rhinocerous Big 5
Black Rhinocerous Big 5
African Buffalo Big 5
African Buffalo Big 5

非洲水牛

(学名:Syncerus caffer)

非洲水牛是非洲唯一的野生牛种,有区别于驯养的牛种通常几百只群居在一起,它们喜欢独立行动。热带草原水牛非常强壮,腿比较粗短。

它们的耳朵较大,在大犄角下方,边缘有毛发。由于全身是深黑色的,并且它们的犄角很有特点,是向外、向后和向上弯曲的形状,很容易区别于其它动物。森林水牛的颜色是偏红或深红棕色,体型更小更轻。

非洲水牛没有什么天敌,狮子是唯一可以和水牛敌斗的,但是狮子经常被迫放弃。

 

  • 身高:140-170 cm

  • 体重:公785kg, 母715kg

  • 活动:白天和夜间行动

  • 栖息地:林地、高草区域

  • 食物:高草、树叶和嫩枝

非洲象

(学名:Loxodonto africana)

非洲象是陆地上最大的哺乳动物。和印度象不同的是,它们的耳朵更大,有利于散热。

它们的皮肤是灰棕色的,除了尾巴末端,身体其他部位没有什么毛发。由于经常在泥土里洗澡,皮肤吸收了泥土的天然色素。最让人着迷的是象牙和非常强壮的象鼻,可以将一棵树连根拔起!象鼻是用来呼吸和闻嗅的、收集食物、喝水和洗澡的。

公象和母象都有象牙,可以长到几米长。它们通常集体行动,母象和小象们,公象一旦长大,就被赶走独立生存。

公象通常出现于交配时节,其他时间它们通常独自或成一小群行动。母象收集食物并且保护它们的幼崽。

 

  • 身高:公350cm,母300cm

  • 体重:公5750kg, 母3800kg

  • 活动:白天和夜间行动

  • 栖息地:热带草原、灌木丛

  • 食物:一天就能消耗230公斤草和150升水

 
African Elephant Big 5
African Elephant Big 5